Top 10 Technologies to Learn in 2019
Hello everyone, today I am going to discuss top 10 Technologies to learn in 2019. Not Everything in the universe is the same except change. We accept the changes, and that is how the world keeps developing. The same thing applies to technology as well. Latest trends in each technology help in making the world a better place to live. Here we have discussed some of those top trending technologies to learn in 2019.
1. Data Science and Artificial Intelligence:
What makes Artificial Intelligence and Data Science so Hot??
Currently, there is a lot of buzz about Artificial Intelligence and Data Science in the market. Data Science skills are increasingly being used in the domain of Artificial Intelligence. Machine Learning which is a subset of the Artificial Intelligence field needs a lot of the skills that a Data Scientist possesses like Data cleansing, Data Wrangling, Data parsing, building mathematical models, working with algorithms and so on. So, Data Scientist is being much sought-after in the Artificial Intelligence domain to build complex data model models, Train the machine learning systems with the right data, work with algorithms and make mathematical calculations. Data Scientist can also fine-tune the outcome of Deep Learning system using statistics, probability and automation approach. AI & DS is applicable in manufacturing, retailing, transportation, finance, health care, and virtually every other industry.
So, if you are evaluating career options in this emerging field, then you should have basic knowledge of mathematics and probabilities with a basic level of programming experience in any language. If you have experience on python then it would be added advantage as nowadays python is majorly used in the AI projects.
2. Block Chain
Blockchain is the future of the Internet. As the name indicates, A blockchain is a continuously growing list of records, called blocks that contain information for the understanding of a common man, which are linked and secured using cryptography. It is the foremost digital assets platform which controls and records the monetary information. The blockchain is the technology that runs Bitcoin. Bitcoin is the world’s first cryptocurrency and cryptocurrency is the future of the economy.
There are many benefits of using blockchain like provides transparency because anyone with access to a blockchain can view the entire chain. It is Immutability, once a data/transaction is logged on the blockchain, it cannot be overturned, there are no practical ways of going back and changing or editing any data that has been recorded on the blockchain. It also offers better security against data being misused or being stolen. Without data being available in one place, the transaction can take place at a faster pace. It reduces cost as well.
Outside the financial services, Blockchain technology has many possible applications in governance, insurance, retail, and healthcare. The use of the blockchain is increasing and businesses are in need of skilled specialists to gain a competitive edge.
So, to become a developer, you need basic knowledge OOPs distributed systems. Even a non-technical person with basic knowledge of banking and finance can start a career in Blockchain.
3. Cloud Computing
Cloud computing is the delivery of computing services such as server, storage, databases, networking, software and analytics over the Internet. i.e. “The Cloud”. Business houses offering these computing services are called cloud providers and typically charge for cloud computing services based on usage, similar to how you are billed for water or electricity at home.
There are several advantages of cloud computing like Less cost, 24*7 Availability, Fast and scalable and Better security. There is a lot of competition out there in the market, some of the famous cloud providers are Amazon Web Services, Salesforce, Microsoft Azure, IBM Cloud & Google cloud.
If you have basic knowledge of virtualization technologies and networking, then it would be good to have a career in this booming technology.
4. Big Data
Big Data has been getting a lot of attention over the last few years. Big Data refers to a problem that are associated with processing and storing different types of data. Most of the companies nowadays, rely on big data analytics to gain enormous insight about their: Customer, product research and marketing initiatives. There are several tendencies and innovations happening in this space. Business experts are suggesting that big data in the future will not be about what data to use but rather about what data to ignore. The focus will be more on data quality.
Some of the trendy big data technologies that you can use to promote your business are Hadoop, Apache Spark, Apache Flank, NiFi, Kafka, Apache Samza, NoSQL. With these tools, the power of Big data and mobility can truly elevate business to new levels. Using Big Data, Telecom companies can predict customer churn in a better way; Retail industries can predict what products will sell; insurance companies understand how well their customers actually drive, and ever government election campaigns can be optimized using big data analytics. Of course, there are number of other applications of big data and there will be many new categories as the tools become more widespread.
So, if you have good Knowledge of Object-oriented programming, SQL and you are interested to work with a large amount of structured and unstructured data then surely you should accelerate your career in this space.
5. Data Analytics and Visualization
We are witnessing a quantum leap in data generated by multiple sources but all the data in the world is useless if you can’t understand it. Data analytics and visualization are about how to present your data, to the right people, at the right time, in order to enable them to gain insights most effectively. With the help of analytics and a right visualization tool, organizations can identify future opportunities and optimal solutions for their existing problems. Companies like Google, Facebook, Amazon, Apple, Netflix and Twitter, all are making better business decisions with the help of data visualization.
Some of the amazing data analytics and visualization tools are Tableau, Microsoft Business Intelligence (MBI), QlikView, PowerBI, Oracle Business Intelligence, MicroStrategy, SAP Business Object and SAS.
If you have an analytical bent of mind with basic knowledge of mathematics and have an ability to understand data and find patterns in it then you should start your career in Data Analytics and Visualization.
First, let’s make it clear that DevOps is not a technology it is a practice which seeks to bring together software developers and operations staff to work on the same project in a more collaborative manner. It is a software development method that stresses communication, collaboration integration between software developers and (IT) operation professionals. As the name specifies DevOps is a combination of Development and operations.
There are many benefits which we receive from DevOps model such as Speed, Rapid Delivery, Reliability, Scale, Improve Collaboration and Security. Some of the tools used in DevOps are GIT, Jenkins, DOCKER, PUPPET, CHEF, KUBERNETS and ANSIBLE.
If you have the ability to manage systems, applications, and infrastructure, then you can build your career in DevOps.
7. Data integration
ETL; refers to Extract, Transform and Load. Normally, ETL is used for data warehousing and data integration. It allows companies to transfer data from many sources, cleanse and reformat it and then load this data into a database to analyze and support business operations. It is a vital component in the development of business intelligence through data integration. The ETL process guarantees that this data is combined and stored in a data warehouse in a uniform presentation.
Anyone with basic understating of Databases or SQL can start their career in this technology. The benefits an organization achieves with ETL tool are: Enhance Business Intelligence, Increased Query & System Performance, Enhanced Quality and Consistency, High Retune on Investment.
Currently, there are many ETL tools available in the market. Like Informatic, Oracle Data Integrator, Microsoft SQL Server, talend, SAP Business Object, IBM DataStage, Pentaho etc.
8. Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR)
Virtual Reality is defined as a simulated environment using computer technology. VR may be artificial, such as an animated scene, or an actual place that has been photographed and included in a virtual reality app. With virtual reality, we can move around and look in every direction- up, down, sideways and behind you, as if you were physically there. You can view virtual reality through a special VR viewer, Such as the Oculus, Rift, Vive or Daydream view. With Virtual Reality apps, you can explore places you have never been to, such as the surface of Mars, top of Mt. Everest, of areas deep under the sea.
An enhanced version of reality created by using technology to add digital information on an image of something is called Augmented Reality. AR apps use your smartphone’s camera to show you a view of the real world in front of you, then put a layer of information, including text and/or images, on top of that view. Apps can use AR for fun. The best example is the game Pokemon GO.
Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality serve the customer through an enhanced experience and this technology is applicable in various industries like, Gaming, Entertainment, travel, and education. So, if you have an understanding of OOPs, the different hardware used in the AR and VR ecosystem then you can develop your career in this technology.
9. Cyber Security
In the increasingly digital world, the looming threat of cyber-attacks I more than real ever. These attacks are typically intended to access, change and destroy the sensitive Information. Thus, Businesses need experts who can protect data, systems and digital services used on a daily basis. Therefore, it is necessary for a business to have apt cybersecurity measures in place to counter all of these threats. There is a high demand for skills who are able to understand cyber issues, identify, diagnose and resolve these challenges. Cyber Security refers to a set of techniques used to protect the integrity of the network, programs, and data from attack, damage or unauthorize access.
Some of the top trending cybersecurity technologies are: Threat Intelligence, Risk-Based Authentication, Remediation & IoT Security. These technologies are either implementing Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) or securing new endpoints from the IoTs.
Some of the top CyberSecurity companies of 2018 are AppGaurd, CA Technologies, Cimcor, CyberArk, CyberGym Control, DeltaRisk and etc.
Someone with a good understanding of computer networks and HTTP Communication protocol can start their career in Cyber Security Technologies.
10. IoT (Internet of Things)
IoT is a hot topic in the present tech-driven world. A strong framework of cloud computing, backed up by a seamless blending of sensors and actuators with the environment around us, is making this network of autonomous object a reality. From domestic life to industries, from smart wearables to smart cities, IoT is expanding itself to different areas. Smart Security solutions, smart home automation, Smart health care, Smart wearables are some of the application of IoTs. we can imagine to see its application to a city’s transportation system or smart power grids.
Some of the popular Development tools which can be used for IoTs are Arduino, IBMWatson. So, anyone who is fascinated by the Internet and understands the basics of programming languages like c, C++ and has a general idea of embedded systems can build a career in Internet of Things.